Diarrhea-causing ‘crypto’ parasites on the rise in Britain

The UK is currently dealing with the worrying rise of crypto – the diarrhea-causing intestinal parasite, not the shock currency. In a report this month, health officials documented far more cases than expected so far in 2023. It is not yet clear why crypto is increasing in the country, although the increase may be linked to international travel.

In medicine and biology, “crypto” has long been shorthand for Cryptosporidiuma species of microscopic protozoa which usually infect the intestine and cause gastrointestinal disease in humans and other animals (both the parasites and the disease they cause are commonly called cryptops). Infection can spread easily through direct contact with an infected person’s feces, but crypto parasites are also resistant enough to survive for months in soil and water.

The most common symptom of crypto is watery diarrhea, followed by cramps, dehydration, and low-grade fever. Typically, people remain sick with crypto for about one to two weeks, although sometimes symptoms can wax and wane for up to a month. And in people with weakened immune systems, the infection can become long-term or life-threatening. The parasite rarely reaches the respiratory tract, causing other problems.

Crypto is an ongoing public health problem worldwide and is a leading cause of waterborne disease in the US and other countries. But British health officials have seen a nationwide surge in cases this year. Their findings are detailed in a paper published Last week in Eurosurveillance magazine.

The surge in crypto cases appears to have started in August, based on lab test results (in the UK and US, every documented case of crypto has to be reported to the government). From mid-August to late September, there were more than 2,400 cases of lab-confirmed crypto in the UK. Summer is considered the peak season for crypto, but the surge far exceeds this expected increase. Cases have started to decline since late October but remain much higher than normal.

So far, at least, there appears to be no easy explanation behind the crypto boom. Officials have not identified any specific sources of exposure or settings that could lead to large outbreaks, such as recreational pools or drinking water supplies. But surveys of infected people have provided some possible clues. Compared to last year, the percentage of people reporting recent travel to other countries has not changed, but it is possible that the increase may be linked to people visiting specific areas or swimming more frequently this summer.

“Our initial findings suggest that swimming (either in the UK or abroad), including pool use and travel abroad to different destinations, may be the cause of the current increase,” the report’s authors wrote.

The team says they are working with travel-related public health agencies in the UK to ensure travelers are informed about crypto, and they are working with other health agencies in Europe to investigate the increase. Corresponding with officials.

As far as the average person is concerned, few are worried about holding on to crypto practical steps Takeaways include: not swallowing swimming water (especially if it has not been treated), making sure your home-cooked food is thoroughly cooked, and avoiding unpasteurized milk and other food products. In general, people who have recently experienced diarrhea should also wait at least two weeks before going into shared water.

(TagstoTranslate)Diarrhea(T)Crypto(T)Health(T)Medical(T)Pharma(T)Sanitation(T)Gastroenteritis(T)Cryptosporidium(T)Infectious Diseases(T)Conoidacida(T)Waterborne Diseases(T)Intestine Parasite Infection

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